El Greco’s Crucifixion

A team from Factum Foundation recorded in high resolution the Crucifixion by El Greco within the collection of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio. Both the surface data and accurate colour were acquired in November 2021 using the Lucida 3D Scanner and composite photography.

Christ on the Cross, c. 1600-1610. El Greco (Spanish, 1541-1614). Oil on canvas; framed: 221 x 144 x 10 cm (87 x 56 11/16 x 3 15/16 in.); unframed: 193 x 116 cm (76 x 45 11/16 in.). The Cleveland Museum of Art, Gift of the Hanna Fund 1952.222

The recording is part of a larger project which aims to document and analyse late paintings by El Greco and his studio, in order to establish the importance of recording the surface of paintings and reveal new information about the working practice of the artist’s studio through the use of machine learning algorithms.

Another version of the Crucifixion is planned to be recorded in the Spanish Gallery at Bishop Auckland.

The Lucida 3D Scanner recording the surface of the Crucifixion © Factum Foundation

Carlos Bayod Lucini operating the Lucida 3D Scanner to record the surface of the painting © Teresa Casado for Factum Foundation

Detail of the Lucida 3D Scanner recording the surface of the Crucifixion © Factum Foundation

Teresa Casado recording the colour using composite photography © Carlos Bayod Lucini for Factum Foundation

Adam Lowe was also a keynote speaker at the 47th Annual Cleveland Symposium by Case Western Reserve University, centered on the topic “Aura: Authenticity, Experience, and Art” and hosted at the Cleveland Museum of Art on November 12.